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Ingredient Functions

After looking through our ingredient spotlights, you may be wondering what the functions at the top of the page actually mean, so we explained each one, simply and briefly.

ANTIOXIDANT

Ingredients that help your skin to combat damaging free radicals.

PRESERVATIVES

Ingredients that help your products stay fresh and free of bacteria. They are crucial cosmetic ingredients and without them you are risking product safety.

MOISTURIZER/HUMECTANT

Humectant is the official name for a moisturizing ingredient that helps your skin to cling onto water and hold onto it to help skin retain moisture.

SOLVENT

Ingredients that dissolve other ingredients in the product.

SKIN-IDENTICAL INGREDIENT

Ingredients that can be found in the skin or mimic the things that can be found in the skin naturally. The main kinds are Natural Moisturizing Factors and Stratum Corneum Lipids.

SOOTHING

Anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant ingredients are in this category because they reduce inflammation and soothe the skin. They are helpful for acne, rosacea or sensitive skin.

EMOLLIENT

Ingredients that help make your skin feel smooth and soft.

VISCOSITY CONTROLLING

That is the official function name for “thickeners”, which help to thicken up products so that they create a nice texture.